Home / Rwanda

Our history

For centuries, Rwanda existed as a centralized monarchy under a succession of Tutsi kings of a clan, who ruled through chiefs of cattle, land chiefs and military leaders. The king was supreme but the rest of the population, Bahutu, Batutsi and Batwa, lived in symbiotic harmony. In 1899, Rwanda became a German colony and in 1919 the indirect rule system continued with Rwanda as territory Of the League of Nations, under Belgium. Beginning in 1959, the Batutsi were targeted, causing hundreds of thousands of deaths and sending nearly two million into exile. The First Republic, under the presidency of Gregoire Kayibanda, and the second, under the presidency of Juvenal Habyarimana, institutionalized discrimination against the Batutsi and subjected them to massacres. The Rwandan Alliance for National Unity (RANU) was created in 1979 by Rwandan refugees in exile to mobilize against the policy of division and genocide.

Ideology, repeated killings, statelessness and lack of peaceful policy exchange. In 1987, RANU became the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). On 1 October 1990 the RPF launched an armed liberation struggle which eventually ousted the dictatorship in 1994 and ended the genocide which cost more than one million lives - Batutsi and moderate Bahutu who opposed the genocidal regime . After Kigali fell to the RPA on July 4, 1994, the RPF formed a government of national unity led by President Pasteur Bizimungu, bringing parties that did not involve him in the genocide together. In 2000, the Parliament voted President Pasteur Bizimungu and the RPF then appointed Vice-President and Minister of Defense, General Paul Kagame as President of the Republic to lead the coalition government.

In 2003, President Paul Kagame was elected by an overwhelming majority to serve a seven-year term. During these seven years, the country has created an unprecedented socio-economic situation and political progress and consolidated peace, stability and social cohesion among Rwandans. In 2010, President Paul Kagame was re-elected to serve a second term and on a rapid development platform for the transformation of the lives of all Rwandans.

Kigali is the capital of Rwanda, roughly in the center of the country. It stretches over many hills, ridges and valleys, and has a vibrant restaurant and nightlife scene. The Kigali Genocide Memorial documents the 1994 mass killings in Rwanda, associated with the country's civil war. The town of Caplaki Crafts in the city boasts stalls selling traditional crafts, including wood carvings and woven baskets.


Foreign Nationals wishing to obtain a Rwandan Visa, submit their applications to Rwandan Diplomatic Missions of their Country of residence for processing. In case where we don’t have a Diplomatic Mission/ consulate, foreign nationals request for a visa acceptance letter online, which will be presented on arrival to obtain a visa upon payment of visa fee ($30) . In view of bilateral agreements, nationals of the following Countries may visit Rwanda without a visa for a period up to 90 days : Hong Kong, Philippines, Mauritius, Singapore and the Democratic Republic of Congo. EAC Partner states citizens’ shall be issued with 6 months visitors pass (renewable) upon arrival with no fee. Nationals of Australia, Germany, Israel, New Zealand, Republic of South Africa, Sweden, United Kingdom, and United States of America will be issued with entry visa valid for a period up to 30 days and pay for a visa ($30) upon arrival without prior application.
Please click here to view the communiqué on new visa regime.
For Standard Rates of Visa Fees please click here

*The visitor’s visa should not be used for employment.
*Nationals of all African countries traveling to or transiting through Rwanda obtains a entry visa upon arrival without necessarily making prior application and pay for a visa ($30) where applicable.
Please click here to view the official stamped announcement

Nationals of the countries mentioned above not exempted from visa may also choose to get visa at Rwanda Diplomatic Missions (except the UN Mission in New York) or online.
Use the following link to apply for visa online : click here.
Use the following link to read the standard rates for Visa Fees : click here
Use the following link to read the instructions on Yellow Fever : click here


An applicant should have a valid passport or another acceptable travel document. The document must have a validity of at least 6 months on the day of entry in Rwanda.
A vaccination certificate may be required at the border post. In the event of a major disease outbreak, specific requirements could be set and put to the knowledge of the public.
These are fees for processing of applications. If applications are refused, or withdrawn by the applicant, refunds of fees will not be made.
The maximum and minimum period of validity of a visa is set out in the Information for Applicants for each visa class.
Whether a visa is issued for single or multiple entries is set out in the Information for Applicants for each visa class.
An applicant must have sufficient funds to cover the costs of their stay in Rwanda. Evidence for such funds may be requested online, at the Rwandan foreign mission or at the entry point. Extension of a Visa for Some Classes : Some visa classes may be extended. Details are set out in the Information for applicants for each class. Extension of a visa should be applied for whilst initial visas remain valid. A grace period of 5 days after a visa has expired is allowed for a person to either depart or renew their visa without a penalty, otherwise the person will be subjected to a penalty and may be refused a visa extension.
An applicant may apply to the Director General for another class of visa whilst they are in Rwanda and whilst their current visa remains valid. For the group tourist visa change of status is not permitted. Information for applicants for the particular visa class will state if change of status is not allowed.
*Marriage certificate ,birth certificate,death certificate and adoption certificate must be certified or true copies by the issuing authority. *The Police clearance must be original.

Life and status
Genocide is never spontaneous. It is an intentional act of multiple murders, aimed at destroying the presence of the victim group. Its authors do not respect age, sex, occupation, religion or status. Not all acts of genocidal violence lead to the genocide itself. Different types of crisis have different names, such as Politicide (murder of political groups) and ethnocide (murder of ethnic groups). This does not imply that one is "better" or "worse" than the other, but that they are different in terms of motivation or outcome. Whichever term is used.          Victims of mass murder, often with good reason, that they have suffered genocide to attempt their lives. The exhibition at the Kigali Memorial Center presents several genocides and genocidal situations. It does not give examples of all the genocidal massacres because of the limited space. It can only illustrate a few examples, representing a tragic cross-section of a century of genocide.

Designed by DYS - Copyright 2017 Tous droits réservés